Portable Oxygen Information
Oxygen and Life!
Oxygen is one of the 5 basic elements of all forms of life. (Hydrogen,
Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulphur are the other four). Oxygen is colorless,
tasteless and odorless. The earth's atmosphere contains approximately 20.9%
Oxygen is absolutely critical to life. In mammals and humans oxygen is
inhaled into the lungs where it diffuses from the air into the blood stream
where it is then taken up by the hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Hemoglobin
becomes saturated with oxygen and is pumped throughout the body. The hemoglobin
transfers the oxygen to every cell in the body. Every one of the billions of
cells in our bodies requires oxygen. Oxygen is used by the cells to oxidize (or
burn) sugars. This process provides us with energy and heat. The more energy we
need to perform our work, and the more heat we need to produce to stay warm, the
greater the demand for oxygen.
The average resting adult breathes in approximately 6 liters of air per
minute. That's roughly equal to 14 breaths per minute inhaling 500ml of air with
each breath. During heavy exercise, physical exertion, or stress respiration can
rapidly increase to more than 125 ml per minute. During this state of heavy
breathing, the body is trying to meet the increased demand for oxygen by the
body. Insufficient oxygen utilization can mean fatigue and severe oxygen
depletion can cause serious health conditions like disease and even death.
The human body can only survive for about 3 minutes without oxygen.
Today's atmosphere is only 20.9% oxygen. These levels are even lower in
cities and places where smog and pollution choke the air. It is estimated that
today's environment may only contain less than half of the oxygen our bodies
require for optimum health. Pollution and greenhouse gases are depleting oxygen
at an alarming rate.
Many health threats are caused by bacteria, viruses, funguses, parasites and
other pathogens that cannot survive in the presence of oxygen. They are
anaerobic in nature, and high levels of oxygen can be lethal to these
Oxygen plays a vital role in cell detoxification. Pure oxygen, free of
pollutants and other elements, is the life giving force that fuels every cell in
our bodies. Pure oxygen helps keep us strong and energized, fit and healthy, and
full of vigor.
Oxygen and the Brain...
Increased oxygen consumption has
been shown to be effective in heightening concentration, increasing alertness,
improving memory, thought processes, and vision.
Oxygen and Performance...
Athletes use oxygen to help
reduce lactic acid build up and increase oxygen concentrations in the blood,
fueling faster recovery and greater energy levels.
Oxygen Deficiency Facts!
Environment - Pollution can deplete the air of vital oxygen
gases and cause oxygen debt, particularly with anyone with a breathing disorder
Smoking - A major cause of oxygen depletion. Smoking lowers
the amount of oxygen in the blood.
Alcohol - Heavy consumption of alcohol will deplete the body
of oxygen. Oxygen depletion to the brain cells is a major contributor to
Emotional Stress - stress can cause the release of hormones
like adrenaline. In order for the body to lower the levels of stress hormones it
must process out the excess hormone. This metabolic process depends on
Toxins - It has been estimated that our bodies are exposed
to over 650,000 different toxic contaminants in our air, water, and food. Oxygen
is required to metabolize and process out these contaminants.
Diet - Consuming foods high in saturated fats may reduce the
levels of oxygen in our bodies. Fresh foods have a much higher content of oxygen
than junk foods.
Injury and Infections - Physical trauma and infections
stress the body's immune system and deplete oxygen levels in cells throughout
the body. Normal metabolic functions are compromised during times of injury or
Lifestyle - living a sedentary lifestyle without regular
exercise reduces the body's ability to process contaminants and lowers metabolic
functions. Health and energy levels is compromised by the lack of exercise and
physical conditioning our bodies need for optimum oxygen utilization.
Compressed gas Oxidizing (Oxygen 90%.
Nitrogen 10%) WARNING: HIGH PRESSURE, OXIDIZING GAS. VIGOROUSLY
A MEDICAL DEVICE. NOT A LIFE SAVING DEVICE. DO NOT USE UNDERWATER. NOT ALLOWED
ON MOST COMMERCIAL FLIGHTS. Any practices or advice given or offered by
OXY2GO is not intended to replace the services of your physician or to provide
an alternative to professional medical treatment where it suggest the possible
usefulness of certain practices, it does solely for educational purposes. None
of these statements have been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Our
products are not intended to treat, cure or prevent any disease or physical
Pilots & Passengers
Have you ever wondered why you sleep through a flight?
It’s called jet lag; the body's response to lower levels of oxygen.
Have you wondered why you arrive yawning and feeling fatigued, or even have a mild headache?
This is a result of hypoxia, not serious enough for you to be considered unsafe to pilot a plane according to the FAA.
Twenty-five percent of night vision is lost at 8.000 feet.
While flying at 7,000 to 10,000 feet on a sunny day do you get drowsy?
If so, take a couple of shots of oxygen to perk you up! It’ll sharpen your pilot skills and horizon scan.
Cluster headaches or just plain headaches/migraines?
Listed below are studies from hospitals and doctors pertaining to the use of oxygen and its benefits.
Migraine headaches are a source of disabling pain for millions of people.
The study, led by Takahiro Takano, Ph.D, and Maiken Nedergaard, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York, focused on a phenomenon called cortical spreading depression (CSD), which occurs in migraines as well as stroke and traumatic brain injury. In CSD, a slow-moving wave of potassium ions causes large numbers of neurons to signal at once, followed by a period when normal neuronal activity in that area is halted.
The researchers found that CSD caused a short-term drop in oxygen levels and obvious swelling in the neurons. It also caused a temporary loss of dendritic spines, which are tiny projections on neurons that form junctions (synapses) with other neurons. These changes are signs of hypoxia - a state where neurons have too little oxygen to function normally. Hypoxia usually results from reduced blood flow in part of the brain and is what causes brain damage in strokes and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). In the new study, however, the researchers saw signs of hypoxia even though the amount of blood flow in the brain temporarily increased.
It is critical for the brain to keep normal levels of potassium," Dr. Nedergaard explains. It takes a great deal of energy to reduce CSD-related potassium levels in the brain. Producing this energy requires oxygen. Dr. Nedergaard believes the brain's attempts to reduce excess potassium and halt CSD prompt the temporarily increased blood flow associated with CSD. Unfortunately, however, the study showed that neurons close to the tiny blood vessels in the brain used up most of the increased oxygen. This caused small pockets of hypoxia in brain tissue that was farther away from the blood vessels. The hypoxia lasted for more than two minutes.
Dr. Nedergaard says. However, the increased oxygen might help to relieve the blood vessel constriction that follows CSD and reduce the pain of migraine.
C.O.P.D. – Improve your quality of life through exercise and oxygen
Oxygen Therapy for Headache Pain
For the nearly one million Americans who suffer from cluster headaches, relief may be just a breath… of pure oxygen… away. Cluster headaches are acutely painful headaches that come in waves… with several short headaches a day over a period of weeks or months. It’s not known what causes them nor what might cure them… but a recent review of research suggests that oxygen therapy, in particular what’s known as “normobaric” (normal pressure) oxygen therapy (NBOT), can effectively relieve the pain. This is good news for sufferers of cluster headaches, as NBOT is an easy and natural alternative — and, perhaps most importantly, it works really fast.
The lead author of the meta-analysis, Michael Bennett, Alexander Mauskop, MD, a board-certified neurologist and director of the New York Headache Center, who uses oxygen therapy in his practice, explained why this treatment is helpful to people who suffer from these very particular headaches.
According to Dr. Mauskop, up to 70% of cluster headache patients can attain relief within five to 10 minutes of breathing in 100% oxygen for oxygen therapy to work. It is believed that oxygen helps by offsetting metabolic changes that cause pain and vasospasms due to oxygen depletion.
Oxygen Therapy During Exercise Training in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Nonoyama ML, Brooks D, Lacasse Y, Guyatt GH, Goldstein RS
Oxygen therapy during exercise training in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
People with COPD often have severe shortness of breath that prevents them from performing their everyday activities. Formal rehabilitation programs that include exercise training improve stamina, decrease breathlessness and enhance quality of life. Use of oxygen during exercise may provide additional benefit. We conducted a review to determine the effectiveness of adding oxygen to exercise training in comparison to exercise training without oxygen supplementation in people with COPD. Five studies addressed the question although, because of measurement of different outcomes, the maximum number available for looking at any individual outcome was three (31 patients receiving oxygen versus 32 not). People with COPD may exercise longer and have less shortness of breath when using oxygen during an exercise-training program. These studies did not look at the effect of oxygen on shortness of breath in daily life. From the evidence to date, it is not possible to determine whether individuals with COPD should use oxygen during exercise training. Stronger studies with more participants are required in order to understand how oxygen-supplemented exercise training for people with COPD will affect their shortness of breath, activity and quality of life.
This is a Cochrane review abstract and plain language summary, prepared and maintained by The Cochrane Collaboration, currently published in The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007 Issue 4, Copyright © 2007 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.. The full text of the review is available in The Cochrane Library (ISSN 1464-780X).
This record should be cited as: Nonoyama ML, Brooks D, Lacasse Y, Guyatt GH, Goldstein RS. Oxygen therapy during exercise training in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD005372. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005372.pub2
This version first published online: April 18. 2007
Date of last subtantive update: January 05. 2007
Exercise training within the context of pulmonary rehabilitation improves outcomes of exercise capacity, dyspnea and health-related quality of life in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Supplemental oxygen in comparison to placebo increases exercise capacity in patients performing single-assessment exercise tests. The addition of supplemental oxygen during exercise training may enable individuals with COPD to tolerate higher levels of activity with less exertional symptoms, ultimately improving quality of life.
To determine how supplemental oxygen in comparison to control (compressed air or room air) during the exercise-training component of a pulmonary rehabilitation program affects exercise capacity, dyspnea and health-related quality of life in individuals with COPD.
All records in the Cochrane Airways Group Specialized Register of trials coded as ‘COPD’ were searched using the following terms: (oxygen* or O2*) AND (exercis* or train* or rehabilitat* or fitness* or physical* or activ* or endur* or exert* or walk* or cycle*). Searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library), MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases identified studies. The last search was carried out in June 2007.
Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing oxygen-supplemented exercise training to non-supplemented exercise training (control group) were considered for inclusion. Participants were 18 years or older, diagnosed with COPD and did not meet criteria for long-term oxygen therapy. No studies with mixed populations (pulmonary fibrosis, cystic fibrosis, etc) were included. Exercise training was greater than or equal to three weeks in duration and included a minimum of two sessions a week.
Data Collection and Analysis
Two review authors independently selected trials for inclusion in the review and extracted data. Weighted mean differences (WMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using a random-effects model. Missing data were requested from authors of primary studies.
Five RCTs met the inclusion criteria. The maximum number of studies compared in the meta-analysis was three (31 on oxygen versus 32 control participants), because all included studies did not measure the same outcomes. When two studies were pooled, statistically significant improvements of oxygen-supplemented exercise training were found in constant power exercise time, WMD 2.68 minutes (95% CI 0.07 to 5.28 minutes). Supplemental oxygen increased the average exercise time from 6 to 14 minutes; the control intervention increased average exercise time from 6 to 12 minutes. Constant power exercise end-of-test Borg score (on a scale from 1 to 10) also showed statistically significant improvements with oxygen-supplemented exercise training, WMD -1.22 units (95% CI -2.39 to -0.06). One study showed a significant improvement in the change of Borg score after the shuttle walk test, by -1.46 units (95% CI -2.72 to -0.19). There were no significant differences in maximal exercise outcomes, functional exercise outcomes (six-minute walk test), shuttle walk distance, health-related quality of life or oxygenation status. According to the GRADE system most outcomes were rated as low quality because they were limited by study quality.
This review provides little support for oxygen supplementation during exercise training for individuals with COPD, but the evidence is very limited. Studies with larger number of participants and strong design are required to permit strong conclusions, especially for functional outcomes such as symptom alleviation, health-related quality of life and ambulation.
Traveling with Oxygen
Oxygen products are not allowed in your carry on or checked in luggage unless you have a Doctors prescription. Best way to be sure you have oxygen when you get to your destination is to have us or you can mail the oxygen cylinders to your destination. You can send it general delivery to a post office at your destination or the hotel or friends you will be staying with. Mail it by ground ORMD not by air. That's how we mail it to you, if you have product left over for your return trip, mail it back to your home.
with any medical condition, lung disease, heart condition of any type, asthma or
emphysema, should consult their physician before using recreational oxygen. Our
products are for RECREATIONAL USE ONLY. We do not offer medical advice.
each use, inspect for damage. If damaged, discard unit. NEVER point
at eyes or ears. Secure the RED Safety latch after each use to avoid
unintentional oxygen discharge. Do not incinerate. Keep away from grease,
oil and all other combustible materials. Do not use this product while smoking
or near smokers. Store and use in adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat,
flames and sparks. Do not expose this dispenser with its oxygen cartridge to
temperatures in excess of 52 C (120F). Do not puncture oxygen cartridge. It is
under pressure and could cause severe harm to yourself. Do NOT store in an
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